Standstill Agreement Nizam

The Kalat khanat, on the western outskirts of Pakistan, also decided to remain independent. It has signed a status quo agreement with Pakistan. Soon the Nizams found themselves under pressure from Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (Ittehad), the Muslim nationalist party that was active in the state and withdrew from the agreement. [8] On the morning of 27 October, Qasim Rizvi, the leader of Ittehad, organized a massive demonstration by several thousand activists to block the delegation`s withdrawal. He convinced Nizam that, as India was then linked to the defence of Kashmir, it did not exceed sufficient resources to put pressure on Hyderabad. He claimed that a Hyderabad princess could get a much more favorable deal. [9] Nizam then appointed a new delegation, dominated by members of the Executive Council opposed to the previous agreement. [10] Former Hyderabad bureaucrat Mohammed Hyder called the event the “October coup.” From that moment on, Qasim Rizvi began calling the gunfire in the Hyderabad administration. [11] Both draft treaties were submitted to the House of Princes on July 25. A state negotiating committee was formed, which reviewed the two agreements, consisting of ten leaders and twelve ministers. After discussion, the Committee finalized the two draft agreements on 31 July. [3] Two important documents that should be attractive to the rulers of the princhant states.

The first was the status quo agreement and the second was the accession instrument. The status quo agreement, which confirmed that the practices and agreements that existed between the princely states and British India are now being pursued by independent India. The instrument of accession by which the sovereign of the Prince States accepted the accession of his kingdom to independent India. The nature of the material varied. On 15 August, the State of Junagadh implemented the accession instrument and the status quo agreement with Pakistan. It was adopted by Pakistan on 13 September. [5] Junagadh was the only state to declare membership in Pakistan until 15 August. [6] A status quo agreement was an agreement signed between the newly independent lords of India and Pakistan and the princely states of the British-Indian Empire before their integration into the new reigns. The form of the agreement was bilateral between a government and a spring state.

It provided that all administrative agreements between the British crown and the State would remain unchanged between the signatory regime (India or Pakistan) and the spring state until new agreements were concluded. [1] Nizam Osman Ali Khan was the leader of the Hindu majority state of Hyderabad, and his policies were dominated by the Muslim elite. Muslims in Ittehad ul, a powerful pro-Nizam Muslim party, insisted that Hyderabad remain an independent state on an equal footing with India and Pakistan. The Indian government rejected Nizam`s company as a “legalistic claim of dubious validity.” It argued that Hyderabad`s strategic position could easily be used by foreign interests to threaten India. Nizam was prepared to enter into a limited contract with India, respecting Hyderabad`s neutrality in the event of a conflict between India and Pakistan.